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Java vs python

Two of the most popular programming languages are Python and Java. Java is typically quicker and more efficient than Python because it is a compiled language. As an interpreted language, Python’s syntax is simpler and more concise than Java’s. Why would you want to use Java?

Java is a programming language and platform that has been around since 1995. Since its initial release, it has become popular among programmers and other coding experts.

It’s also gaining traction when used in cloud development and the Internet of Things (IoT).

Java vs python
Image: Java Vs Python

The top nine benefits of using Java.

  • Speed

When it comes to pure speed, Java is the clear winner. According to Stack Overflow, this general usage, a compiled language, is the fifth most commonly used programming language. According to HackerRank, it is also the third most preferred programming language that hiring managers look for when hiring candidates.

  • Simple and self-sufficient

Several factors are driving Java’s continued popularity, chiefly its platform independence and relative ease of learning. Speed is one of the main benefits of using Java. It’s also considered one of the easiest coding languages to pick up.

Because many of the processes in this high-level language are automatic, you don’t have to worry as much about how everything works as you would with a low-level language.

It depends on how much time you can dedicate to learning and mastering. You should be successful in learning it pretty fast.

  • Efficient

When you write in compiled languages like Java, you have many options. Code is directly converted to machine code. This allows the CPU to run much faster and more efficiently while giving you more control over hardware aspects such as CPU usage.

  • Useful for your business.

Java is also useful for working with enterprise web applications and micro services. Various organizations use Java to build web applications in healthcare, education, insurance, and government departments. Some big names that use Java these days include NASA, Google, and Facebook.

  • Straightforward

The syntax is simple, making it simple to write. Other benefits of using Java include the following: It’s simple: Writing is simple, making writing easy. It is not as complex as languages ​​like C++ and uses automatic memory allocation.

  • Platform agnostic

 Java can run on various operating systems, including Windows, iOS, Unix, and Linux, as long as the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) platform is installed.

  • Goal-oriented

Java provides a more intuitive method for large projects since you construct classes that include data, objects that belong to such classes, as well as their functions. Java provides a more intuitive approach to developing large projects. It also provides flexibility, easier troubleshooting, and the ability to reuse code.

  • Huge global community

This is helpful if you are learning Java or have any questions. It supports multi-threading: when you use Java, you can run more than one thread simultaneously. Several lines share a common memory space when running to improve efficiency and performance.

  • Secure

Java avoids using explicit pointers, runs in a sandbox, uses a bytecode validator to check for invalid code, and provides library-level security with Java security packages and runtime security check.

The drawbacks of Java

It is essential to consider its weaknesses before deciding if Java is the correct programming language.

  • High memory use

One of the main disadvantages of using Java is that it uses a lot of memory. Java manages its memory by garbage collection, which occurs after the application you are working on no longer references the object. The Java garbage collector cleans it up from memory. Still, other threads must stop during this process while the garbage collector runs. The step affects the overall performance of the application.

  • No garbage control

 It provides no control over garbage collection: as a programmer, you can’t control garbage collection with functions like free() or delete(). It has many words: Although Java is simple, it typically contains many words that leave you with complex, long sentences and explanations.

Not native when used on desktops: Java has multiple graphical user interface (GUI) creators, but they are not the best if you want to create a complex user interface on a desktop computer. Java is weaker when you use it on desktop than on mobile when it comes to user experience and user interface. While there are many GUI builders to choose from, you’ll need to do a lot of research to find the right tool for your project. 

Why should you use Python?

The programming language was created by Guido van Rossum with a structured philosophy focused on code reading.

 According to Stack Overflow, common usage, Python is the language interpreted as the fourth most popular coding language.

  • Popular

Python’s popularity has seen explosive growth in recent years, with more than 11.3 million programmers choosing to use it, primarily for IoT, data science, and machine learning applications, according to ZDNet. On top of the Developer Nation, ” Python achieved. According to SlashData’s “State of the Developer Nation,” the developer community grew by 25% between Q3 2020 and Q3 2021, adding 2.3 million new developers. Python has been here since it was initially announced in 1991.

  • Accessible

Python’s accessibility and the simplicity with that many coders may learn the language are two of its driving drivers.

  • Interpreted

 It is an interpreted language, meaning that the program is run through interpreters on a line-by-line basis to execute each command.

Python’s deficiencies

Some of the drawbacks of Python are

  • Slow

Python is one of the easiest and quickest languages to learn. Still, it is also one of the slowest to execute because it is a dynamically typed, interpreted language performed line by line. Python’s slower nature, on the other hand, won’t be a problem if speed isn’t a concern.

  • Single thread run

Python’s Global Interpreter Lock only allows one thread to run at a time, so it’ll be considerably slower if you’re working on a multi-threaded CPU-bound program.

  • Not mobile native

Python can be used for mobile applications effectively and easily. Still, you’ll have to put in a little more effort to discover libraries that provide the essential infrastructure. Kivy, for example, allows you to design mobile apps and software that can operate on Raspberry PI, Linux, and Windows using the same API.

  • Consumes a lot of memory

This could be a problem if you’re working on a project with many active objects in RAM. Switching to NumPy could be a good way to reduce how much memory Python requires for each object.

Java vs Python

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Java is a general-purpose language with object orientation. One of the reasons is that, unlike Python, Java is a compiled language. It’s your fastest option. Also, Java is that it uses a lot of memory, much more than Python.

Although Java is fast, Python is easy to use and read and has a simple syntax. Furthermore, according to HackerRank, Python is second only to JavaScript as one of the most in-demand programming languages among recruiters. While Java programs are directly compiled, Python applications are interpreted, slowing them down during execution. The interpreter’s workload is increased when determining the variable type during runtime. Memory usage is also aided by remembering the object type of items fetched from container objects.

Any problems introduced by the programmer in Python will not be discovered until that line of code is executed. This may result in operational failures and a longer turnaround time. While objects in Python are prone to mutation, object mutations are impossible in Java. As a result, secure software development is possible.

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